CBD stands for Cannabidiol. It is one of the cannabinoids that can be found in a cannabis. Cannabis is the most preferred name for Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and the Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis is defined by UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant which has been extracted with resin. Cannabinoids on the other hand have three sources: phytocannabinoids which are compounds produced by Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, synthetic cannabinoids which are synthesized in medical labs which are structurally the same as the other two, and the endocannabinoids which are neurotransmitters that are produced in the brain or the peripheral tissues.
In a study done by Kerstin Iffland and Dr. Franjo Grotenhermen in 2016, it was confirmed that CBD to have a strong safety profile for humans. With that said, there are still some important toxicological parameters that require studying. Effects on long term use also require additional study. Majority of the studies that confirmed it were done to check for treatment of epilepsy and psychotic disorders. It was also revealed in the study that compared to other medicines for these conditions, CBD has less detrimental effects. Its most common side effects are diarrhea, tiredness, and appetite and weight changes.
CBD is anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, anxiolytic, and anti-emetic. High doses of CBD could also be used for treating different conditions from psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia and dementia, diabetes and also nausea. In lower doses, CBD is a good source of vitamins C and E which function as neuroprotective antioxidant and they can help get rid of acne. Chronic use of CBD at high doses of up to 1,500 mg every day have been proven as safe for humans.
Despite all the potential of CBD and its products, there is limited effort provided for people to understand its product varieties, market, users, and growth potential because of the challenges that are imposed by federal policy.
How to Ingest CBD
There are many medical uses of cannabis, but it has to be stated here that this is in the context wherein the doctor or the physician recommends or prescribes the use of cannabis for medical treatment of a patient who is under his or her care.
There are many ways for cannabis to be administered. It can be orally, sublingually, and topically. It is also possible to take cannabis through herbal form in which it is extracted naturally from the plant source. It can also be manufactured in a synthetic manner. Whether you buy cbd oil online or through a dispensary, you'll want to do your research to ensure the product is manufactured with a reputable facility.
Medical Studies and Research on CBD
Cannabinoids is considered to be effective in spasticity that is linked with multiple sclerosis. Oral cannabis extract has been discovered to be effective in this. It is said that the effectiveness is dependent on the ratio of the cannabinoids. This means that not all cannabis products have similar effects in spasticity.
Nausea and Vomiting Due to Chemotherapy
Cannabinoids are also recommended for people who underwent chemotherapy and are not responding to medications that stop vomiting and nausea. In some countries, Nabilone is recommended as medication for this.
Severe and Refractory Epilepsies
There are initial reports of medicines that contain CBD which are effective in treating severe refractory epilepsies such as Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and Dravet Syndrome.
Other Medical Conditions
There is also evidence of CBD being effective in boosting appetite for AIDS patients but the effects can be surpassed by much newer treatments. It is said to have positive effects on Parkinson’s disease, sleep disorder, and even post traumatic sleep disorder but this still demands further clinical research.
Pain can be chronic or acute or classified on the site where pain is found or nerves. Neuropathic pain can be debilitating and persistent. HIV neuropathic pain can affect 30 percent or more of those who are affected by HIV. Antiretroviral therapies have been seen to worsen the condition. Read more about how CBD help with chronic pain.
Cannabis has also been seen to alleviate some symptoms of cancer such as lack of appetite, pain, nausea and vomiting. It should also be stated that cannabinoids as anti-tumor agents is still very preliminary and in the pre-clinical research stage.
Cannabis has been seen to have effects on patients with Crohn’s Disease that didn’t show any response to immunomodulators, steroids, or anti-tumor necrosis. The patients reported experiencing improved sleep and appetite without any side effects.
Sleep Disorders in General
Research suggests short-term cannabis use for treating sleep disorders like slow wave sleep and sleep onset latency. The only factor to be considered closely is one’s dependence on cannabis which when stopped would likely cause the sleep disorder to take its course again.
CBD is also known to be anti-anxiety, anti-psychotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-convulsant. It has also been reported to not have any intoxicating or psychoactive side effects on the patient who take it. It is also known to alleviate the following conditions: depression, migraine, ADHD, menstrual cramps, anxiety, depression, and muscle tension or strain.